您现在的位置:首页 > >

2019北京中考英语复习三年命题规律总结+中考精炼:专题三 介词


介词是一种虚词,用来连接名词、代词或相当于名词的其他词语,不能单独使用。在北 京市历届中考语法试题中占有一定的比例。在一套试卷的 10 个单项选择题中,至少有 1 个 题是直接测试介词的,在完形填空中至少有 1 个题是对方位介词、时间介词或介词短语的测 试。介词可与名词、代词或相当于名词的其他词一起构成介词短语来表达不同的含义。介词 还可以与动词等其他词类连用构成固定搭配,例如:look at 看,look after 照看,look for 寻找, look like 看起来像。由此可见,同一个动词 look 搭配上不同的介词所表达的意义完全不同。
1. 掌握常用介词表示时间、地点、方式等的基本用法。例如:in, on, at, to, from, by, of, with, for, about。
2. 区分不同介词的功能和意义,在上下文语境中掌握其用法。
1. 抓关键词,判断句意表达的是时间、地点还是其他,然后选择相应的介词搭配。 2. 在上下文语境中判断句子之间的逻辑关系,然后选择相应的介词。 如: (1)表时间的介词 a. 表年、季、月、日、时刻:in,on,at b. 表期限:by(在……前;截至), until, till(直到……才) c. 表期间:for(达……之久,经过了多长时间), during(在……期间), through(一 直到) d. 表时间起点:from, since e. 表时间经过:in(多久之后/多久之内), within(在……范围之内) (2)表地点的介词 a. 表在某地:at, in b. 表上下:on[在……上面;接近(某地):on the right], above, over(正上方), under (在……正下方), below c. 表邻近:near(近的,不远的), by(在……旁边) d. 表之间:between(两者之间), among(三者及三者以上中间), around(在……周 围;环绕) e. 表前后:in (the) front of, behind f. 表内外:in(静止的位置), into(进入), out of(出去) g. 表穿过:along(沿着), across(横过), through(贯穿) h. 表方向:to(到达), for(向……), from(从……) (3)其他介词 with(和……在一起;具有,带有;用工具), without(没有) in(用材料、语言,穿着……衣服,用……声调), by(通过……方法、手段;乘坐) of(……的), about(关于), against(反对;靠着) like(像……一样), as(作为) 3. 介词的固定搭配

介词往往同其他词类构成固定搭配关系。记住这种固定搭配,才能正确使用介词。 (1)介词与动词的搭配
listen to, laugh at, get to, look for, wait for, hear from, worry about, think of, look after, spend... on... 等
(2)介词与名词的搭配 on time, in time, by bus, on foot, with pleasure, on one’s way to, in trouble, at breakfast, at the end of, in the end 等 (3)介词与形容词的搭配 be late for, be afraid of, be good at, be interested in, be angry with, be full of, be sorry for 等

1. (2019·北京)Paul’s mother is a nurse. She works

a hospital.

A. with

B. on

C. of

D. in

D 2. (2019·北京)We usually have the first class

8:00 in the morning.

A. of

B. in

C. on

D. at

D 3. (2019·北京)I sometimes help my mom with the housework

Sundays.

A. at

B. in

C. on

D. to

C 4. (2019·哈尔滨)Don’t stay inside

such a sunny morning. Let’s go out to enjoy the

gentle wind and the sweet flowers.

A. on

B. in

C. from

A 5. (2019·上海)When James arrived at the railway station, he tried to look

a place to

park his car.

A. after

B. at

C. up

D. for

D 6. (2019·济宁)We should be kind to the old and take care

them in daily life.

A. of

B. for

C. with

D. about

A 7. (2019·陕西)It’s a good idea to send the old books

the children who need them.

A. at

B. of

C. to

D. by

C 8. (2019·上海)The local community center is open

Monday to Saturday.

A. in

B. from

C. for

D. on

B 9. (2019·达州)—Where is Marry flying?

—She is flying to France soon. She will arrive

Paris

the morning of July 2.

A. to;on

B. at;on

C. in;in

D. in;on

D 10. (2019·黄冈)—Junior high school days will be over feeling?

a week. How are you

—I’m trying to keep my cool because we’ve been together

A. in;in

B. for;in

C. in;for

three years. D. for;for

C 11. (2019·重庆)Our reading club share ideas with each other

one hour every

Tuesday.

A. to

B. on

C. at

D. for

D

A组 1. (2019·东城一模)Dragon Boat Festival is

June 9th this year.

A. at

B. in

C. on

D. of

C 2. (2019·昌平期末)Mary often goes to see films

Sunday.

A. of

B. at

C. in

D. on

D

3. (2019·石景山期末)New York is a good place to visit

May or December.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. of

C 4. (2019·通州一模)Paul was born

2001. He is fifteen years old.

A. in

B. on

C. of

D. at

A 5. (2019·房山二模)—Do you know your mother’s birthday?

—Yes, it’s

May 1st.

A. in

B. on

C. at

D. to

B 6. (2019·通州二模)They often watch TV

the evening.

A. in

B. on

C. of

D. at

A

7. (2019·通州一模)On weekends, I usually go to bed late and get up at 10

the

morning.

A. in

B. at

C. on

D. for

A 8. (2019·朝阳一模)The 24th Winter Olympics will be held in China

2022.

A. at

B. in

C. on

D. to

B

9. (2019·门头沟一模)—When do we have English class on Friday?

—We have English class

8 o’clock.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. by

B 10. (2019·石景山一模)I often go on holiday with my parents

summer.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. of

C B组

1. (2019·石景山二模)Tomorrow we will have a football match

our school.

A. to

B. in

C. on

D. of

B 2. (2019·东城一模)Autumn is the best season

Beijing.

A. at

B. on

C. in

D. to

C 3. (2019·燕山一模)Gary uses the Internet

home every day.

A. on

B. in

C. at

D. to

C 4. (2019·西城一模)—Lucy, where were you born?

—I was born

Shanghai.

A. at

B. in

C. on

D. by

B 5. (2019·门头沟二模)—Where is your father, Charlie?

—He is

our car.

A. in

B. at

C. on

D. by

A 6. (2019·丰台一模)I have an uncle. He lives

Shanghai.

A. on

B. at

C. to

D. in

D 7. (2019·昌平二模)We had a good time

Tianjin last weekend.

A. in

B. on

C. at

D. from

A 8. (2019·海淀二模)—Where is your Chinese teacher?

—He’s

the meeting room.

A. on

B. of

C. to

D. in

D

9. (2019·石景山二模)—Where is Jenny?

—She is doing her homework

the classroom.

A. of

B. on

C. in

D. to

C C组
1. (2019·平谷一模)—How do you go to school every day?



bike.

A. In

B. To

C. By

D. At

C

2. (2019·房山二模)Tom is sitting

the lake and drawing a picture.

A. by

B. in

C. on

D. to

A 3. (2019·石景山二模)Jim often goes to school

bike. He likes cycling very much.

A. of

B. at

C. by

D. in

C 4. (2019·延庆一模)—Where did you find the book?

—Naughty Tom put it

the bed.

A. under

B. by

C. with

A 5. (2019·顺义一模)—How do you usually go to school every day?



foot. It’s not far from my home.

A. On

B. In

C. By

A

D. from D. With

A组

1. The meeting will begin

4:30 this afternoon. Don’t forget it.

A. on

B. in

C. at

D. for

C

2. In the USA, many shops don’t open

Sundays.

A. on

B. at

C. to

D. in

A

3. We sent Tiangong-1 into the space

September 29th.

A. by

B. on

C. at

D. in

B

4. John usually gets up at seven

the morning.

A. on

B. at

C. in

D. of

C

5. We traveled all night to London and got there

Sunday morning.

A. for

B. on

C. at

D. to

B

6. Was Alice born

2003?

A. at

B. in

C. of

D. on

B 7. The foreign friends came to our school

October 8th,2019.

A. at

B. in

C. to

D. on

D

8. Beijing is a good place to visit

autumn.

A. on

B. in

C. at

D. for

B

9. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived

5 o’clock

the morning.

A. on;in

B. at;in

C. at;on

D. in;on

B

10. Mother’s Day is

the second Sunday in May in the United States.

A. on

B. in

C. at

D. from

A B组

1. The students always read books

the library after class.

A. by

B. in

C. on

D. of

B

2. There are some nice pictures

the wall.

A. to

B. with

C. on

D. at

C

3. Peter is playing volleyball

the playground.

A. of

B. to

C. on

D. for

C

4. Connie arrived

the village

a snowy night.

A. in;at

B. at;on

C. at;in

D. in;on

B

5. The students are having an English lesson

their classroom.

A. for

B. in

C. on

D. of

B

6. We had a wonderful party

the park last night.

A. to

B. on

C. in

D. of

C

7. The girl has lunch

school.

A. at

B. for

C. from

D. on

A C组

1. Mr. Black is a hardworking engineer. He often stays up late

night.

A. in

B. to

C. at

D. on

C

2. Betty has a pen pal. They often write letters to each other

English.

A. on

B. of

C. by

D. in

D

3. It’s the best way for me to go to school

bus.

A. by

B. of

C. from

D. at

A

4. —What do you often do after class?

—I often play basketball

my friends.

A. from

B. to

C. for

D. with

D

5. There is a picture

my family on the wall.

A. to

B. of

C. after

D. up

B

6. My mother is an English teacher. She often helps me

my English.

A. with

B. to

C. for

D. from

A

7. I am looking

my key. I can’t enter the classroom.

A. from

B. to

C. for

D. with

C

8. I’m sitting

my mother and my father in the picture.

A. on

B. between

C. among

D. with

B

9. Don’t worry A. about
A

me, Mom. I’ll be all right.

B. on

C. to

D. with



友情链接: 医学资料大全 农林牧渔 幼儿教育心得 小学教育 中学 高中 职业教育 成人教育 大学资料 求职职场 职场文档 总结汇报